Four Motor - Kit

Overview

We used the Four Motor DIY Kit to build a Mecanum car. The car moves forwards and backwards, and turns like a tank by applying power to only one side. It can be use to drive any four low power motors though as well.

 

This DIY Kit page is currently optimized for revision F.

intermediate

$15

intermediate

$15

 

 


Required hardware

Components

The full DIY Kit can be purchased here

The components are part of the DIY Kit or can be sourced separately with help of the BOM:

Picture

Name

Designator

Quantity

Picture

Name

Designator

Quantity

1x2 3.5mm Terminal Block

J1, J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, J7, J8, J9

9

TLC5940NT

U3

1

Sliding Switch

S1

1

Reads: “104“

100nf Capacitor

C2, C4, C5

3

Reads: “105“

1uf Capacitor

C1, C3

2

 

L293D

U1, U2

2

2kΩ Resistor

R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10

9

3.9kΩ Resistor

R1

1

Radial LED (5mm)

D1

1

1x2 pin header

J12, J13, J14, J15, J16

5

1x3 pin header

J11

1

1x4 pin header

J10

1

28 pin carrier

 

1

 

14 pin carrier

 

2

Four Motor PCB

Q-PCB-003

1

Q-Client Builder Base

 

1

Tools

Picture

Name

Quantity

Link

Picture

Name

Quantity

Link

Small slotted-head screwdriver

1

Included in Component Kit

or you can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

 

Soldering Iron

1

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

 

Solder

1

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

 

Diagonal Cutters

1

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

 

Work Holder

 

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List


Story

The Idea

The Quantum revision on the Four Motor kit was built to familiarize our users with using PWM expander chips and H-bridges with our platform with a fun and approachable project.

Video

Build Process

Step 1: PCB Assembling and Soldering

Take a look at the required components above and determine their final position on the PCB. The following images should be a good reference:

Place groups of components on the board and then solder them to the pads. It is recommended to start with components with the lowest profile, like for example resistor and them move up to components like buttons with higher profile.

To determine the values of the given resistors and to place them in the correct position, please refer to a resistor color code calculator like this one:

https://www.digikey.com/en/resources/conversion-calculators/conversion-calculator-resistor-color-code

Using some form of work holder is advised. You can find a list of suitable work holders on our Recommended Tools List.

To help you placing the bigger chips for the PWM expansion and the motor drivers, we put a 28-pin carrier and two 14-pin carriers into the kit. These can be soldered down and the chips can simply be plugged in on top of the carrier.

Step 2: Connecting to the Builder Base

To connect the DIY Kit to the Builder Base you will need a bunch of male to male jumper wires and your flathead screwdriver.

Please connect the Builder Base to the wide 8-connection jumper on the DIY Kit. The labeling of the connectors will be the same as determined in your firmware. The Builder Base can now get powered via USB and power the Kit as well, or get powered through the Kit. For that, the 2- connection terminal on the opposite side of the Kit has to be powered with 5V. A switch can interrupt the power in this configuration to save energy if for example a battery is used.


Projects

Mecanum Car

The project page can be found here https://quantumintegrate.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/QP/pages/1254621199/Four+Motor++Project.

In this section we will explain how to make the DIY Kit compatible with the project.

Fist of all, we need to connect the PCB to the Builder Base. For that we simply connect the Builder Base to connectors the 8 connectors on the left side of the DIY Kit. The labeling of the connectors is identifying the terminals clearly. The connections are exactly the same as in the project. Refer to the section here. The Builder Base can now get powered via USB and power the Kit as well, or get powered through the Kit. For that, the connectors on the right side of the Kit have to be powered with 5V. A switch can interrupt the power in this configuration to save energy if for example a battery is used.

Firmware and app are exactly the same! Please refer to the instructions in this section.


Gallery

 

 

 

 


Resources

Current revision

Assembly files for the current revision of the DIY Kit (Rev F):

https://github.com/QuantumIntegration/Q-PCB-003-Four-Motor-Hardware-Files/tree/Rev_F

Older revisions

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