Four Motor

Overview

The Four Motor DIY Kit was built to familiarize our users with using PWM expander chips and H-bridges with our platform with a fun and approachable project. We used the Four Motor DIY Kit to build a Mecanum car. The car moves forwards and backwards, and turns like a tank by applying power to only one side. It can be use to drive any four low power motors though as well. The full DIY Kit can be purchased here.

intermediate

$14.99

intermediate

$14.99


Hardware Components

The components are part of the DIY Kit or can be sourced separately with help of the BOM:

Picture

Name

Designator

Quantity

Picture

Name

Designator

Quantity

1x2 3.5mm Terminal Block

J1, J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, J7, J8, J9

9

TLC5940NT

U3

1

Sliding Switch

S1

1

Reads: “104“

100nf Capacitor

C2, C4, C5

3

Reads: “105“

1uf Capacitor

C1, C3

2

L293D

U1, U2

2

2kΩ Resistor

R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10

9

3.9kΩ Resistor

R1

1

Radial LED (5mm)

D1

1

1x2 pin header

J12, J13, J14, J15, J16

5

1x3 pin header

J11

1

1x4 pin header

J10

1

28 pin carrier

 

1

14 pin carrier

 

2

Four Motor PCB

Q-PCB-003

1

Tools Used

Picture

Name

Quantity

Link

Picture

Name

Quantity

Link

Small slotted-head screwdriver

1

Included in Component Kit

or you can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

Soldering Iron

1

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

Solder

1

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

 

Diagonal Cutters

1

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List

Work Holder

 

You can pick from one on our Recommended Tools List


PCB Assembling and Soldering

Place groups of components on the board and then solder them to the pads.

Using some form of work holder is advised. You can find a list of suitable work holders on our Recommended Tools List.

To help you placing the bigger chips for the PWM expansion and the motor drivers, we put a 28-pin carrier and two 14-pin carriers into the kit. These can be soldered down and the chips can simply be plugged in on top of the carrier.

We will start by putting all the parts on the table.

First solder the terminal blocks. Make sure they are looking in the right direction.

Next solder the LED.

Solder the TLC5940NT with its 28 pin carrier. Make sure the directions are right. The board will show you how to place it.

Do this as well with the two L293D and their 14 pin carriers. Make sure the directions are right. The board will show you how to place it.

Next are the capacitors. C1 & C3 have 1µF. C2, C4 and C5 have 100nF. Solder them on their dedicated places.

Solder the switch. It should face away from the board.

Now the pin headers. Make sure they aren't upside down.

Next are the resistors.

  • 2k Ohm: R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10

  • 3.9k Ohm: R1

Your Four Motor DIY Kit is ready to be used!



Connecting to the Builder Base

To connect the DIY Kit to the Builder Base you will need a bunch of male to male jumper wires and your flathead screwdriver.

Please connect the Builder Base to the wide 8-connection jumper on the DIY Kit. The labeling of the connectors will be the same as determined in your firmware. The Builder Base can now get powered via USB and power the Kit as well, or get powered through the Kit. For that, the 2- connection terminal on the opposite side of the Kit has to be powered with 5V. A switch can interrupt the power in this configuration to save energy if for example a battery is used. The green LED will show you wether the DIY Kit is powered and ready to be used.


Projects

Mecanum Car

The project page can be found here https://quantumintegrate.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/QP/pages/1630044191

First of all, we need to connect the PCB to the Builder Base. For that we simply connect the Builder Base connectors the 8 connectors on the left side of the DIY Kit. The labeling of the connectors is identifying the terminals clearly. The connections are exactly the same as in the project. Refer to the section here. The Builder Base can now get powered via USB and power the Kit as well, or get powered through the Kit. For that, the connectors on the right side of the Kit have to be powered with 5V. A switch can interrupt the power in this configuration to save energy if for example a battery is used.

If you need more specific information about the joystick and the motors use this link https://quantumintegrate.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/QP/pages/1254621199 and this https://quantumintegrate.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/QP/pages/1240104961.


Gallery

 

 

 

 


Resources

App & Firmware

 

 

This DIY Kit page is currently optimized for revision F.

Current revision

Assembly files for the current revision of the DIY Kit (Rev F):

https://github.com/QuantumIntegration/Q-PCB-003-Four-Motor-Hardware-Files/tree/Rev_F

Older revisions

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